This report presents the process developed in Latin America in the formulation and implementation of public policies that contribute to the construction and development of new strategies that open the field for a gender equity in the region. In order to carry out this process, understood from the point of view of the role fulfilled by the governments in the creation and application of projects that contribute to make this perspective of gender equality a reality, it is necessary to take into account diverse aspects that influence in Development of this topic.
Among these aspects are: historical, sociological, demographic and obviously the role played by each of the governments of each country. It is clear that the situation and conditions of each country vary considerably in each of these aspects. Although the participation of women has increased and there is a greater willingness on the part of the authorities, this process is affected by several factors, such as the laws and penal system of each country, the lack of recognition by The various entities of the state and the formulation and implementation of public policies that contribute to the development of capacities and opportunities for women in the region.
It is clear that there have been some significant achievements in the implementation of public policies to achieve gender equity, one of these achievements in some Latin American countries is the quota system or law, an authorized mechanism to favor and encourage participation Of women in the political field; But the implementation of this mechanism and its efficiency must be analyzed taking into account the type of electoral lists in force in each country, by means of the development of the topic the above information will be applied.
The case of Latin America must be analyzed in detail because of the large number of contrasts in this region. Long before the arrival of the Spaniards to the American territory there was already a series of codifications in some pre-Hispanic cultures, where the duties and rights of the people were established depending on the sex, that is to say, the penalties imposed by the different crimes established in the Either against a person or the whole community were sanctioned more drastically against women. A clear example is evident in the penalty imposed for adultery, in which women who were surprised in this act, proceeded with their immediate execution, while the man who did the same was proceeded to banish it from the community. With acts like the one above, the need for imposition of the man on the woman is evidenced and this is explained in a very simple way, since the man was the one who directed the legal system in that time and not only this, they also applied it.
For the sixteenth century, with the arrival of the Spaniards to the American territory and their subsequent dominion over all the cultures established there, there is an explosive cultural shock, backed by force and terror, infused to the Aborigines by the new Europeans Arrived, and clearly there in the center, in the bulls eye, appeared the woman as an object of amusement and dispersion among the Spaniards, thirsting for gold, lands to conquer and the satisfaction of their sexual desires. Given these circumstances, a number of questions are emerging: to what condition is the woman relieved in this conflict and clash of cultures? What conception did the Spaniards have of man and woman? It is necessary to analyze the position of the Spaniards free to the aborigines, since among them was discussed, even the subject was taken until Europe; Making approaches such as “aborigines had no soul, therefore can be treated in any way” to this factor is added European culture imported to the new continent, in which women still did not play a transcendental role in social life and Was subject to the service of man.